On Baptism and the Eucharist: A Brief Theological Summary
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This thesis deals with the history of sacramental theology concerning the two common sacraments, Baptism and the Eucharist. The overview begins with Hugh of Saint-Victor, who represents the Catholic tradition. After Hugh is a brief overview of Martin Luther’s writings on Baptism and the Eucharist, looking at why his views differ from Hugh of Saint-Victor and in what specific ways he diverges from the Catholic tradition. The chapter on Luther is followed by a summary of John Calvin, who gives the most protestant perspective, Luther acting as a middle ground or transition period from the Catholic to the protestant. The final chapter of this thesis is an exposition of my personal growth and beliefs concerning Baptism and the Eucharist, pulling ideas and arguments from each of the writers as well as from my Christian heritage. The conclusion of this thesis posits that the differences between these three theologians and the Christian traditions they represent have been over emphasized and that the heart of Christianity can be found in the work and worship practices of all three scholars.