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dc.contributor.advisorKreider, Richard B., 1962-
dc.contributor.authorDove, Jacqueline Beckham.
dc.contributor.otherBaylor University. Dept. of Health, Human Performance and Recreation.en
dc.date.accessioned2008-11-18T21:52:10Z
dc.date.available2008-11-18T21:52:10Z
dc.date.copyright2008-08
dc.date.issued2008-11-18T21:52:10Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2104/5253
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographic references (p. 182-200)en
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to determine whether participation in a multicomponent school-based intervention using circuit-resistance training, dietary intervention and behavioral modification had an effect on health markers, body composition, physical fitness, and psychological measures for overweight/obese adolescent females. Forty-two overweight/obese adolescents participated in the 10-week program with assessments completed at 0, 10, and 22 weeks. Data were analyzed by ANOVA repeated measures analysis, with a level of significance set at p < 0.05, and presented as means ± SD from baseline. Statistically significant group x time interactions were observed for the following: body mass (CON 2.82% ± 2.7 vs. EXP 0.58% ± 2.5, p = 0.021) fat mass (CON 3.64% ± 5.9 vs. EXP -2.66% ± 5.7, p = 0.006), percent fat (CON 0.52% ± 4.69 vs. EXP -2.92% ± 4.44, p = 0.024), triglycerides (CON 44.78% ± 85.11 vs. EXP -9.56% ± 34.99, p = 0.002), HOMA-IR (CON 49.41% ± 69.65 vs. EXP 17.64% ± 66.76, p = 0.052), physical activity environmental factors (CON -6.92% ± 18.66 vs. EXP 9.96% ± 27.79, p = 0.039), fruit and vegetable con decisions (CON 31.71% ± 49.75 vs. EXP 3.41% ± 47.22, p = 0.043), and dietary protein intake (CON -3.28% ± 53.05 vs. EXP 8.15% ± 58.68, p = 0.025). Time significance represented an overall mean increase in body mass (1.6 % ± 3), lean mass (2.7% ± 4), bone mineral content (3.6% ± 5) and bone mineral density (3.4% ± 3). Follow-up testing was conducted with a subset of participants (n = 29), after three months. The participants’ revealed statistically significant group x time effects for the pediatric quality of life psychosocial health summary score (CON -23% ± 40 vs. EXP 25.3% ± 65, p = 0.039) and the PACE measurements of physical activity family support (CON -0.64% ± 24.4 vs. EXP 17.8% ± 19.3, p = 0.027). This research indicated that overweight/obese adolescent females can benefit from both standard physical education and a multicomponent program. However, the participants in the multicomponent program observed significantly greater improvements in body composition, triglycerides, and insulin sensitivity.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Jacqueline Beckham Dove.en
dc.format.extentxii, 200 p. ; ill.en
dc.format.extent153908 bytes
dc.format.extent81160 bytes
dc.format.extent3489842 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.rightsBaylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact librarywebmaster@baylor.edu for inquiries about permission.en
dc.subjectObesity in adolescence -- Treatment --- Texas.en
dc.subjectObesity in adolescence -- Exercise therapy --- Texas.en
dc.subjectOverweight teenagers -- Physiology --- Texas.en
dc.subjectOverweight teenagers -- Nutrition --- Texas.en
dc.subjectTeenage girls -- Health and hygiene --- Texas.en
dc.subjectMiddle school students -- Health and hygiene --- Texas.en
dc.subjectBehavior therapy for teenagers --- Texas.en
dc.titleEffects of a multicomponent school-based intervention on health markers, body composition, physical fitness, and psychological measures in overweight and obese adolescent females.en
dc.typeThesisen
dc.description.degreePh.D.en
dc.rights.accessrightsWorldwide accessen
dc.contributor.departmentHealth, Human Performance and Recreation.en


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