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dc.contributor.advisorCooke, Matthew B.
dc.contributor.authorBrabham, Brian.
dc.contributor.otherBaylor University. Dept. of Health, Human Performance and Recreation.en
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-26T10:48:17Z
dc.date.available2009-08-26T10:48:17Z
dc.date.copyright2009-08
dc.date.issued2009-08-26T10:48:17Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2104/5406
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p. 116-125).en
dc.description.abstractAging is associated with gradual loss of muscle mass, termed sarcopenia, which often leads to progressive disability and loss of independence. Though resistance exercise has shown to be an effective method at reducing the rate of age-related muscle loss and decline in force output; when combined with well known muscle building agents [such as creatine monohydrate (CrM)], these training-induced improvements are enhanced. To explore this idea further, a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 20 males aged between 55-75 yrs at Baylor University, Waco TX. Particpants were randomly assigned to consume either CrM [20g/d CrM + 5g Carbohydrate (CHO) x 7 days, then 5g/d CrM +5g CHO x 77 days] or carbohydrate placebo (20g/d CHO x 7 days, then 5g/d CHO x 77 days) while participating in a high intensity resistance training program (3 sets x 10 repetitions at 75% of 1RM), 3 days per week for 12 weeks. Testing sessions were complete prior to, 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks post resistance training and supplementation. Each testing session included body composition measurement as determined by Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA), muscle strength measurement as determined by 1 repetition maximum (RM) on leg press and bench press, blood collection and vastus lateralis muscle biopsy. The blood serum was analyzed for insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), free testosterone and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and the muscle tissue for phophorylated mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (c-Met), myogenic regulatory factors (MyoD, myogenin, Myf-5, MRF-4), and total myofibrillar protein. A significant time effect was observed for 1RM bench press (p=0.016), leg press (p<0.05), body mass (p=0.030) and fat free mass (p=0.005), HGF (p<0.001), phosphorylated c-Met concentration (p=0.008), myogenic regulatory factors Myf-5 (p<0.001) and myogenin (p<0.001), and total myofibrillar protein (p=0.005). A significant group (p=0.040) and group by time interaction (p=0.023) was revealed for MRF-4, suggesting CrM supplementation significantly increased MRF-4 following 12 weeks of resistance training. Notwithstanding, results from the current study suggest that CrM supplementation, when combined with 12-weeks of high intensity resistance training does not enhance body composition, muscle strength, and biochemical mechanisms regulating skeletal muscle hypertrophy compared to resistance training alone.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Brian Brabham.en
dc.format.extentx, 125 p. : ill.en
dc.format.extent72180 bytes
dc.format.extent1056992 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.rightsBaylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact librarywebmaster@baylor.edu for inquiries about permission.en
dc.subjectCreatine -- Physiological effect.en
dc.subjectIsometric exercise -- Physiological aspects.en
dc.subjectMuscle strength.en
dc.subjectOlder men -- Physiology.en
dc.titleThe effects of combined creatine monohydrate supplementation and resistance training on body composition, muscle strength, and markers of satellite cell activity in older males.en
dc.typeThesisen
dc.description.degreePh.D.en
dc.rights.accessrightsWorldwide access.en
dc.rights.accessrightsAccess changed 10-31-11.
dc.contributor.departmentHealth, Human Performance and Recreation.en


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