Recent Submissions

  • Measurement of net electric charge and dipole moment of dust aggregates in a complex plasma 

    Yousefi, Raziyeh; Davis, Allen; Carmona-Reyes, Jorge; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Physical Review E, 2014-09-02)
    Understanding the agglomeration of dust particles in complex plasmas requires knowledge of basic properties such as the net electrostatic charge and dipole moment of the dust. In this study, dust aggregates are formed from ...
  • Cosmic Dust Aggregation with Stochastic Charging 

    Matthews, L.S.; Shotorban, B.; Hyde, T.W. (Astrophysical Journal, 2013-10-04)
    The coagulation of cosmic dust grains is a fundamental process which takes place in astrophysical environments, such as presolar nebulae and circumstellar and protoplanetary disks. Cosmic dust grains can become charged ...
  • Photophoresis on polydisperse basalt microparticles under microgravity 

    Kupper, M.; de Beule, C.; Wurm, G.; Matthews, L.; Kimery, J.; Hyde, T.W. (Journal of Aerosol Science, 2014-10)
    Photophoresis is a force which can dominate the motion of illuminated aerosols in low pressure environments of laboratory experiments, planetary atmospheres or protoplanetary disks. In drop tower experiments we quantified ...
  • Interaction force in a vertical dust chain inside a glass box 

    Kong, J.; Qiao, K.; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T.W. (Physical Review E, 2014-07-31)
    Small number dust particle clusters can be used as probes for plasma diagnostics. The number of dust particles as well as cluster size and shape can be easily controlled employing a glass box placed within a Gaseous ...
  • Mode couplings and resonance instabilities in dust clusters 

    Qiao, Ke; Van Oeveren, E.; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T.W. (Physical Review E, 2013-10-16)
    The normal modes for three to seven particle two-dimensional (2D) dust clusters in a complex plasma are investigated using an N-body simulation. The ion wakefield downstream of each particle is shown to induce coupling ...
  • Effects of monomer shape on the formation of aggregates from a power law monomer distribution 

    Perry, Jonathan; Kimery, Jesse; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (New Journal of Physcis, 2013)
    The coagulation of dust aggregates is an important process in many physical systems such as the Earth’s upper atmosphere, comet tails and protoplanetary discs. Numerical models which study the aggregation in these systems ...
  • Mode Couplings and Conversions for Horizontal Dust Particle Pairs in Complex Plasmas 

    Qiao, Ke; Kong, Jie; Zhang, Zhuanhao; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2013-04)
    The normal modes for horizontal dust particle pairs in a complex plasma are investigated using two methods, a numerical calculation and a molecular dynamics simulation. The ion wakefield downstream of each particle and the ...
  • Charging of aggregate grains in astrophysical environments 

    Ma, Qianyu; Matthews, Lorin; Land, Victor; Hyde, Truell (Astrophysical Journal, 2013-02-01)
    The charging of dust grains in astrophysical environments has been investigated with the assumption that these grains are homogeneous spheres. However, there is evidence which suggests that many grains in astrophysical ...
  • Modeling Agglomeration of Dust Particles in Plasma 

    Matthews, Lorin; Land, Victor; Ma, Qianyu; Perry, Jonathan; Hyde, Truell (AIP Conference Proceedings, 2011)
    The charge on an aggregate immersed in a plasma environment distributes itself over the aggregate’s surface; this can be approximated theoretically by assuming a multipole distribution. The dipole-dipole (or higher order) ...
  • The effect of dust charge variation, due to ion flow and electron depletion, on dust levitation 

    Land, Victor; Douglass, Angela; Qiao, Ke; Matthews, Lorin; Hyd, Truell (AIP Conference Proceedings, 2011)
    Using a fluid model, the plasma densities, electron temperature and ion Mach number in front of a powered electrode in different plasma discharges is computed. The dust charge is computed using OML theory for Maxwellian ...
  • The influence of monomer shape on aggregate morphologies 

    Perry, Jonathan; Gostomski, Erwin; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2012-03)
    Context. The coagulation of dust particles is the initial step in planetary formation, with the precursors to planetesimals believed to form via the collisions of micron and submicron sized dust particles in the disk ...
  • Determination of the levitation limits of dust particles within the sheath in complex plasma experiments 

    Douglass, Angela; Land, Victor; Qiao, Ke; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Physics of Plasmas, 2012-01-23)
    Experiments are performed in which dust particles are levitated at varying heights above the powered electrode in a radio frequency plasma discharge by changing the discharge power. The trajectories of particles dropped ...
  • Charging and coagulation of dust in protoplanetary environments 

    Matthews, Lorin; Land, Victor; Hyde, Truell (Astrophysical Journal, 2012-01-01)
    Combining a particle–particle, particle–cluster, and cluster–cluster agglomerationmodel with an aggregate charging model, the coagulation and charging of dust particles in plasma environments relevant for protoplanetary ...
  • The effect of electrode heating on the discharge parameters in complex plasma experiments 

    Land, Victor; Carmona Reyes, Jorge; Creel, James; Schmoke, Jimmy; Cook, Mike; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (IOP Publishing, 2011-01-25)
    Thermophoresis is a tool often applied in complex plasma experiments. One of the usual stated benefits over other experimental tools is that electrode temperature changes required to induce thermophoresis do not directly ...
  • Modelling of Voids in Complex Radio Frequency Plasmas 

    Goedheer, Willem Jan; Land, Victor; Venema, Jan (WILEY-VCH, 2009-06-02)
    In this paper hydrodynamic and kinetic approaches to model low pressure capacitively coupled complex radiofrequency discharges are discussed and applied to discharges under microgravity. Experiments in the PKENefedov reactor ...
  • Hydrodynamic and kinetic modelling of complex radio-frequency plasmas 

    Goedheer, Willem Jan; Land, Victor; Venema, Jan (IOP publishing, 2009-09-18)
    In this paper hydrodynamic and kinetic approaches to model low-pressure capacitively coupled complex radio-frequency discharges are discussed and applied to discharges under micro-gravity. Complex plasmas contain dust ...
  • How to make large, void-free dust clusters in dusty 

    Land, Victor; Goedheer, Willem Jan (IOP publishing, 2008-12-18)
    Collections of micrometer-sized solid particles immersed in plasma are used to mimic many systems from solid state and fluid physics, due to their strong electrostatic interaction, their large inertia, and the fact that ...
  • Simulation of dust voids in complex plasmas 

    Goedheer, Jan Willem; Land, Victor (IOP Publishing, 2008-11-04)
    In dusty radio-frequency (RF) discharges under micro-gravity conditions often a void is observed, a dust free region in the discharge center. This void is generated by the drag of the positive ions pulled out of the ...
  • Gravitoelectrodynamics of Charged Grains in Saturn's F Ring: Encounters with Prometheus and Pandora 

    Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Journal of Physics A, 2003-09-12)
    The dynamics of Saturn's F ring have been a matter of curiosity ever since Voyagers 1 and 2 sent back pictures of the ring's unusual features. Some of these images showed three distinct ringlets with the outer two displaying ...
  • A model of coagulation in dust clouds during grain charging 

    Barge, Laura; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Advances in Space Research, 2004)
    Initially uncharged grains in space and laboratory plasma environments become charged due to currents driven by potential differences in the dusty plasma. Certain macroscopic effects such as coagulation of smaller grains ...

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