Now showing items 16-33 of 33

  • Finite coulomb crystal formation 

    Vasut, John; Hyde, Truell; Barge, Laura (Advances in Space Research, 2004)
    Dust particles immersed within a plasma environment, such as those found in planetary rings or comets, will acquire an electric charge. If the ratio of the inter-particle potential energy to average kinetic energy is large ...
  • Fluid modeling of void closure in microgravity noble gas complex plasmas 

    Land, Victor; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell; Bolser, Diana (Physics Review E, 2010-05-12)
    A self-consistent dusty plasma fluid model has been extended to incorporate all the noble gases as the carrier gas. An analysis of void closure in complex plasma composed of these gases over a wide range of experimental ...
  • Formation of Cosmic Dust Bunnies 

    Matthews, Lorin; Hayes, Ryan; Freed, Michael; Hyde, Truell (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2007)
    Planetary formation is an efficient process now thought to take place on a relatively short astronomical time scale. Recent observations have shown that the dust surrounding a protostar emits more efficiently at longer ...
  • Gravitoelectrodynamics of Charged Grains in Saturn's F Ring: Encounters with Prometheus and Pandora 

    Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Journal of Physics A, 2003-09-12)
    The dynamics of Saturn's F ring have been a matter of curiosity ever since Voyagers 1 and 2 sent back pictures of the ring's unusual features. Some of these images showed three distinct ringlets with the outer two displaying ...
  • How to make large, void-free dust clusters in dusty 

    Land, Victor; Goedheer, Willem Jan (IOP publishing, 2008-12-18)
    Collections of micrometer-sized solid particles immersed in plasma are used to mimic many systems from solid state and fluid physics, due to their strong electrostatic interaction, their large inertia, and the fact that ...
  • Hydrodynamic and kinetic modelling of complex radio-frequency plasmas 

    Goedheer, Willem Jan; Land, Victor; Venema, Jan (IOP publishing, 2009-09-18)
    In this paper hydrodynamic and kinetic approaches to model low-pressure capacitively coupled complex radio-frequency discharges are discussed and applied to discharges under micro-gravity. Complex plasmas contain dust ...
  • The influence of monomer shape on aggregate morphologies 

    Perry, Jonathan; Gostomski, Erwin; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2012-03)
    Context. The coagulation of dust particles is the initial step in planetary formation, with the precursors to planetesimals believed to form via the collisions of micron and submicron sized dust particles in the disk ...
  • Interaction force in a vertical dust chain inside a glass box 

    Kong, J.; Qiao, K.; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T.W. (Physical Review E, 2014-07-31)
    Small number dust particle clusters can be used as probes for plasma diagnostics. The number of dust particles as well as cluster size and shape can be easily controlled employing a glass box placed within a Gaseous ...
  • Measurement of net electric charge and dipole moment of dust aggregates in a complex plasma 

    Yousefi, Raziyeh; Davis, Allen; Carmona-Reyes, Jorge; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Physical Review E, 2014-09-02)
    Understanding the agglomeration of dust particles in complex plasmas requires knowledge of basic properties such as the net electrostatic charge and dipole moment of the dust. In this study, dust aggregates are formed from ...
  • Mode Couplings and Conversions for Horizontal Dust Particle Pairs in Complex Plasmas 

    Qiao, Ke; Kong, Jie; Zhang, Zhuanhao; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2013-04)
    The normal modes for horizontal dust particle pairs in a complex plasma are investigated using two methods, a numerical calculation and a molecular dynamics simulation. The ion wakefield downstream of each particle and the ...
  • Mode couplings and resonance instabilities in dust clusters 

    Qiao, Ke; Van Oeveren, E.; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T.W. (Physical Review E, 2013-10-16)
    The normal modes for three to seven particle two-dimensional (2D) dust clusters in a complex plasma are investigated using an N-body simulation. The ion wakefield downstream of each particle is shown to induce coupling ...
  • A model of coagulation in dust clouds during grain charging 

    Barge, Laura; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Advances in Space Research, 2004)
    Initially uncharged grains in space and laboratory plasma environments become charged due to currents driven by potential differences in the dusty plasma. Certain macroscopic effects such as coagulation of smaller grains ...
  • Modeling Agglomeration of Dust Particles in Plasma 

    Matthews, Lorin; Land, Victor; Ma, Qianyu; Perry, Jonathan; Hyde, Truell (AIP Conference Proceedings, 2011)
    The charge on an aggregate immersed in a plasma environment distributes itself over the aggregate’s surface; this can be approximated theoretically by assuming a multipole distribution. The dipole-dipole (or higher order) ...
  • Modelling of Voids in Complex Radio Frequency Plasmas 

    Goedheer, Willem Jan; Land, Victor; Venema, Jan (WILEY-VCH, 2009-06-02)
    In this paper hydrodynamic and kinetic approaches to model low pressure capacitively coupled complex radiofrequency discharges are discussed and applied to discharges under microgravity. Experiments in the PKENefedov reactor ...
  • Photophoresis on polydisperse basalt microparticles under microgravity 

    Kupper, M.; de Beule, C.; Wurm, G.; Matthews, L.; Kimery, J.; Hyde, T.W. (Journal of Aerosol Science, 2014-10)
    Photophoresis is a force which can dominate the motion of illuminated aerosols in low pressure environments of laboratory experiments, planetary atmospheres or protoplanetary disks. In drop tower experiments we quantified ...
  • Probing the sheath electric field using thermophoresis in dusty plasma 

    Land, Victor; Smith, Bernie; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2010-04)
    A self-consistent dusty plasma fluid model has been extended to incorporate all the oble gases as the carrier gas. An analysis of void closure in complex plasma composed of these gases over a wide range of experimental ...
  • Simulation of dust voids in complex plasmas 

    Goedheer, Jan Willem; Land, Victor (IOP Publishing, 2008-11-04)
    In dusty radio-frequency (RF) discharges under micro-gravity conditions often a void is observed, a dust free region in the discharge center. This void is generated by the drag of the positive ions pulled out of the ...
  • Vibrational Modes and Instabilities of a Dust Particle Pair in a Complex Plasma 

    Qiao, Ke; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2010-04-10)
    Vibrational modes and instabilities of a dust-particle pair in a terrestrial aboratory complex plasma are investigated by employing an analytical method whereby the plasma wakefield induced by an external electric field ...