Now showing items 1-20 of 34

    • Agglomeration of Dust Particles in the Lab 

      Matthews, Lorin; Carmona-Reyes, Jorge; Land, Victor; Hyde, Truell (AIP Conference Proceedings, 2011)
      Dust aggregates are formed in a laboratory plasma as monodisperse spheres are accelerated in a self-excited dust density wave. The asymmetric charge on the aggregates causes them to rotate as they interact with the sheath ...
    • Analysis of Magnetic Field Plasma Interactions Using Micro Particles as Probes 

      Dropmann, Michael; Laufer, Rene; Herdrich, Georg; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T. W. (American Physics Society/ Physical Review E, 2015-08-26)
      The interaction between a magnetic field and plasma close to a nonconductive surface is of interest for both science and technology. In space, crustal magnetic fields on celestial bodies without atmosphere can interact ...
    • Crystallization Dynamics of a Single Layer Complex Plasma 

      Hartmann, Peter; Douglass, Angela; Carmona-Reyes, Jorge; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell; Kovacs, Aniko; Donko, Zoltan (Physical Review Letters, 2010-09)
      We report a series of complex (dusty) plasma experiments, aimed at the study of the detailed time evolution of the recrystallization process following a rapid quench of a two-dimensional dust liquid. The experiments were ...
    • Determination of the levitation limits of dust particles within the sheath in complex plasma experiments 

      Douglass, Angela; Land, Victor; Qiao, Ke; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Physics of Plasmas, 2012-01-23)
      Experiments are performed in which dust particles are levitated at varying heights above the powered electrode in a radio frequency plasma discharge by changing the discharge power. The trajectories of particles dropped ...
    • Digital Imaging and Analysis of Dusty Plasmas 

      Boesse, Carolyn; Henry, Michael; Hyde, Truell; Matthews, Lorin (Advances in Space Research, 2004)
      Dust particles immersed within a plasma environment, such as those found in planetary rings or cometary environments, will acquire an electric charge. If the ratio of interparticle potential energy to average kinetic energy ...
    • Dust as probe for horizontal field distribution in low pressure gas discharges 

      Hartmann, P.; Kovacs, A. Z.; Carmona-Reyes, J.; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T.W. (Plasma Sources Science and Technology, 2014-06-23)
      Using dust grains as probes in gas discharge plasma is a very promising, but at the same time very challenging method, as the individual external control of dust grains has to be solved. We propose and demonstrate the ...
    • Dust particle charge in plasma with ion flow and electron depletion near plasma boundaries 

      Douglass, Angela; Land, Victor; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Physics of Plasmas, 2011-08-01)
      The charge on micrometer-sized dust particles suspended in plasma above the powered electrode of radio-frequency discharges is studied. Using a self-consistent fluid model, the plasma profiles above the electrode are ...
    • Dusty plasma cavities: Probe-induced and natural 

      Harris, Brandon; Matthews, Lorin S.; Hyde, Truell W. (American Physical Society, 2015-06-22)
      A comprehensive exploration of regional dust evacuation in complex plasma crystals is presented.Voids created in three-dimensional crystals on the International Space Station have provided a rich foundation for experiments, ...
    • Dusty Plasma Correlation Function Experiment 

      Smith, Bernard; Vasut, John; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell; Reay, Jerry; Cook, Mike; Schmoke, Jimmy (Advances in Space Research, 2004)
      Dust particles immersed within a plasma environment, such as those in protostellar clouds, planetary rings or cometary environments, will acquire an electric charge. If the ratio of the inter-particle potential energy to ...
    • The effect of dust charge variation, due to ion flow and electron depletion, on dust levitation 

      Land, Victor; Douglass, Angela; Qiao, Ke; Matthews, Lorin; Hyd, Truell (AIP Conference Proceedings, 2011)
      Using a fluid model, the plasma densities, electron temperature and ion Mach number in front of a powered electrode in different plasma discharges is computed. The dust charge is computed using OML theory for Maxwellian ...
    • The effect of electrode heating on the discharge parameters in complex plasma experiments 

      Land, Victor; Carmona Reyes, Jorge; Creel, James; Schmoke, Jimmy; Cook, Mike; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (IOP Publishing, 2011-01-25)
      Thermophoresis is a tool often applied in complex plasma experiments. One of the usual stated benefits over other experimental tools is that electrode temperature changes required to induce thermophoresis do not directly ...
    • Effect of Multi-Sized Dust Distribution on Local Plasma Sheath Potentials 

      Sun, Meihong; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Advances in Space Research, 2006)
      This work investigates the modification of a plasma sheath in a complex plasma due to the presence of dust particles with a specified size distribution. A self-consistent model for the plasma sheath is combined with a ...
    • Electrical Conductivity of the Thermal Dusty Plasma under the Conditions of a Hybrid Plasma Environment Simulation Facility 

      Zhukhovitskii, D.; Petrov, O.; Hyde, T. W.; Herdrich, G.; Laufer, R.; Dropmann, M.; Matthews, L. S. (New Journal of Physcis, 2015-05-27)
      We discuss the inductively heated plasma generator (IPG) facility in application to the generation of the thermal dusty plasma formed by the positively charged dust particles and the electrons emitted by them. We develop ...
    • Experimental and computational characterization of a modified GEC cell for dusty plasma experiments 

      Land, Victor; Shen, Erica; Smith, Bernard; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (New Journal of Physics, 2009-06-12)
      A self-consistent fluid model developed for simulations of microgravity dusty plasma experiments has for the first time been used to model asymmetric dusty plasma experiments in a modified Gaseous Electronics Conference ...
    • Fluid modeling of void closure in microgravity noble gas complex plasmas 

      Land, Victor; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell; Bolser, Diana (Physics Review E, 2010-05-12)
      A self-consistent dusty plasma fluid model has been extended to incorporate all the noble gases as the carrier gas. An analysis of void closure in complex plasma composed of these gases over a wide range of experimental ...
    • Glow and Dust in Plasma Boundaries 

      Land, Victor; Douglass, Angela; Qiao, Ke; Zhang, Zhuanhao; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2013-04)
      The sheath region is probed in different complex plasma experiments using dust particles in addition to the measurement of the optical emission originating from the plasma. The local maximum in the optical emission coincides ...
    • Helical Structures in Vertically Aligned Dust Particle Chains in a Complex Plasma 

      Hyde, T. W.; Kong, J.; Matthews, L.S. (Physical Review E, 2013-05-16)
      Self-assembly of structures from vertically aligned, charged dust particle bundles within a glass box placed on the lower, powered electrode of a Gaseous Electronics Conference rf reference cell were produced and examined ...
    • Interaction force in a vertical dust chain inside a glass box 

      Kong, J.; Qiao, K.; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T.W. (Physical Review E, 2014-07-31)
      Small number dust particle clusters can be used as probes for plasma diagnostics. The number of dust particles as well as cluster size and shape can be easily controlled employing a glass box placed within a Gaseous ...
    • Ion-wake Field inside a Glass Box 

      Chen, Mudi; Dropmann, Michael; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (Physical Review E, 2016-09)
      The confinement provided by a glass box is proving ideal for the formation of vertically aligned structures and a convenient method for controlling the number of dust particles comprising these dust structures as well as ...
    • Mapping of force field in a capacitively driven rf plasma discharge 

      Dropmann, Michael; Chen, Mudi; Sabo, Hannah; Laufer, Rene; Herdrich, Georg; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (Journal of Plasma Physics, 2016-07)
      In this paper a method is described that allows mapping of the forces acting on dust particles in a GEC reference cell. Monodisperse particles are dropped into the plasma environment and their trajectories are tracked using ...