Associations Between Self-Reported Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and Social-Emotional Functions of Facebook
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The popularity of Facebook has instigated a wealth of research from the fields of psychology and social media. Narcissism and self-esteem have been independently linked to Facebook usage and Facebook-related behaviors. Few studies have explored, however, the interaction between narcissism and self-esteem and one’s emotional connection to Facebook. In this study, participants completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (Raskin & Terry, 1988), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, (Rosenberg, 1965), the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (Paulus, 1984), and a self-generated Facebook Activity Questionnaire. Through factor analysis, an aggregate “Facebook Emotional Connection” variable was created. Bivariate correlations revealed a significant positive relationship between narcissism and self-esteem. In addition, self-esteem demonstrated a significant negative association with Facebook Emotional Connection, and narcissism demonstrated a positive association with Facebook Emotional Connection, but it did not reach significance. A statistical trend emerged although the magnitude of the effect was small. Implications for the continual growth of social media and its effects on psychological well-being are discussed.