Investigating how the household influences adult physical activity in a low-income community.
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Bernhart, John A.
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We assessed the association between household structure and adult physical activity. Data were collected using Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology to identify households (n=100) and administer a survey about household structure and health behaviors. Household structure was defined according to adults (>1 vs. 1) and children living in the household (>1 vs. 0). Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form and converted to MET-minutes. In this study, adults from multi-adult households reported more MET-minutes of physical activity per week than adults from single adult households (p=0.049). Adults in multiple-adult households were twice as likely to meet recommendations compared to those from single-adult households (OR=2.41; 95% CI:1.05,5.52; p=0.04). Children in the household was not associated with adult physical activity. CASPER is a useful tool for identifying health behaviors in a local area. Future physical activity programs should focus on social support for adults.