Now showing items 1-20 of 77

    • Comparison of Plasma Magnetic Field Interactions in a Static and Dynamic Plasma Facility 

      Dropmann, Michael; Knapp, A.; Eichhorn, C.; Loehle, S.; Laufer, Rene; Herdrich, Georg; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W.; Fasoulas, Stefanos; Fulges, Hannes; Roeser, Hans-Peter (Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Aerospace Technology Japan, 2016)
      Magnetic fields are a principal/widespread/promising tool/instrument in space technology design for the use in advanced propulsion concepts, shielding from radiation or to aid thermal protection during the atmospheric ...
    • Dust particle pair correlation functions and the non-linear effect of interaction potentials 

      Kong, Jie; Qiao, Ke; Matthews, Lorin S.; Hyde, T. W. (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2019-07)
      Dust kinetic temperature is a measure of the energy of the stochastic motion of a dust particle and is a result of the combination of the Brownian motion and the fluctuations in the dust charge and confining electric field. ...
    • Nonlinear response of vertical paired structure in complex plasma 

      Ding, Zhiyue; Qiao, Ke; Kong, Jie; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 2019-03-21)
      The effect of the ion wake downstream of grains immersed in a flowing plasma is observed experimentally through the apparent non-reciprocal grain–grain interactions. Here we extend amplitude-frequency response analysis to ...
    • Mapping the Plasma Potential in a Glass Box 

      Scott, Lori; Ellis, Naoki; Chen, Mudi; Matthews, L. S.; Hyde, T. W. (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2019-07)
      Modeling the dynamics of charged dust particles, confined in a glass box placed on the lower electrode of a Gaseous Electronics Conference cell, requires that the interactions between the charged dust, plasma, and boundaries ...
    • Spectral approach to transport in the two-dimensional honeycomb lattice with substitutional disorder 

      Kostadinova, E. G.; Liaw, C. D.; Hering, A. S.; Cameron, A.; Guyton, F.; Matthews, L. S.; Hyde, T. W. (Physical Review B, 2019-01)
      The transport properties of a disordered two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb lattice are examined numerically using the spectral approach to the 2D percolation problem, characterized by an Anderson-type Hamiltonian. In our ...
    • Self-diffusion in two-dimensional quasi-magnetized rotating dusty plasmas 

      Hartmann, Peter; Reyes, J. C.; Kostadinova, E. G.; Matthews, L. S.; Hyde, T. W.; Dzhumagulova, K. N.; Masheyeva, R. U.; Ramazanov, T. S.; Ott, T.; kahlert, H.; Bonitz, M.; Korolov, I.; Donko, Z. (Physical Review E, 2019-01-10)
      The self-diffusion phenomenon in a two-dimensional dusty plasma at extremely strong (effective) magnetic fields is studied experimentally and by means of molecular dynamics simulations. In the experiment the high magnetic ...
    • The initial structure of chondrule dust rims I: electrically neutral grains 

      Xiang, Chuchu (Icarus, 2019-03)
      In order to characterize the early growth of fine-grained dust rims (FGRs) that commonly surround chondrules in carbonaceous chondrites, we perform numerical simulations of dust accretion onto chondrule surfaces. We employ ...
    • Discrete stochastic charging of aggregate grains 

      Matthews, Lorin; Shotorban, Babak; Hyde, Truell W. (Physical Review E, 2018-05)
      Dust particles immersed in a plasma environment become charged through the collection of electrons and ions at random times, causing the dust charge to fluctuate about an equilibrium value. Small grains (with radii less ...
    • Transport properties of disordered 2D complex plasma crystal 

      Kostadinova, Eva; Guyton, Forest; Cameron, Adam; Busse, Kyle; Liaw, Constanze; Matthews, Lorin S.; Hyde, Truell W. (Contributions to Plasma Physics, 2018-01)
      In this work, we investigate numerically the transport properties of a 2D complex plasma crystal using diffusion of coplanar dust lattice waves. In the limit where the Hamiltonian interactions can be decoupled from the ...
    • The magnetic field inside a protoplanetary disk gap opened by planets of different masses 

      Carballido, Augusto; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2017)
      We perform magnetohydrodynamic simulations of protoplanetary disc gaps opened by planets of various masses, with the aim of calculating the strength of the vertical magnetic field threading such gaps. We introduce a ...
    • Delocalization in infinite disordered two-dimensional lattices of different geometry 

      Kostadinova, Eva; Busse, Kyle; Ellis, Naoki; Padgett, Josh; Liaw, Constanze; Matthews, Lorin S.; Hyde, Truell W. (Physical Review B, 2017-12-06)
      The spectral approach to infinite disordered crystals is applied to anAnderson-type Hamiltonian to demonstrate the existence of extended states for nonzero disorder in 2D lattices of different geometries. The numerical ...
    • Simple experiment on the sputtering rate of solids in gas discharges 

      Hartmann, Peter; Carmona-Reyes, Jorge; Korolov, I.; Matthews, Lorin S.; Hyde, Truell W. (Physics of Plasmas, 2017-06)
      We present a very simple and sensitive method to measure the sputtering rate of solid materials in stationary low-pressure gas discharges. The method is based on the balance of the centrifugal force and the confinement ...
    • Physical interpretation of the spectral approach to delocalization in infinite disordered systems 

      Kostadinova, Eva; Liaw, Constanze; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell (Materials Research Express, 2016-12-05)
      In this paper we introduce the spectral approach to delocalization in infinite disordered systems and provide a physical interpretation in context of the classical model of Edwards and Thouless. We argue that spectral ...
    • Using Dust as Probes to Determine Sheath Extent and Structure 

      Douglass, Angela; Land, Victor; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (Journal of Plasma Physics, 2016-07)
      Two in situ experimental methods are presented in which dust particles are used to determine the extent of the sheath and gain information about the time-averaged electric force profile within a radio frequency (RF) plasma ...
    • Multipole Expansions of Aggregate Charge: How Far to Go? 

      Matthews, Lorin; Coleman, Douglas A.; Hyde, Truell W. (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2016-04)
      Aggregates immersed in a plasma or radiative environment will have charge distributed over their extended surface. Previous studies have modeled the aggregate charge using the monopole and dipole terms of a multipole ...
    • Coagulation in the Vicinity of a Gap-Opening Jupiter-Mass Planet 

      Carballido, Augusto (Astrophysical Journal, 2016-06)
      We analyze the coagulation of dust in and around a gap opened by a Jupiter-mass planet. To this end, we carry out a high-resolution magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of the gap environment, which is turbulent due to the ...
    • Temperature Measurements of a Dust Particle 

      Kong, Jie; Qiao, Ke; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (Journal of Plasma Physics, 2016-09)
      The thermal motion of a dust particle levitated in a plasma chamber is similar to that described by Brownian motion in many ways. The primary difference between a dust particle in a plasma system and a free Brownian particle ...
    • Ion-wake Field inside a Glass Box 

      Chen, Mudi; Dropmann, Michael; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (Physical Review E, 2016-09)
      The confinement provided by a glass box is proving ideal for the formation of vertically aligned structures and a convenient method for controlling the number of dust particles comprising these dust structures as well as ...
    • Mapping of force field in a capacitively driven rf plasma discharge 

      Dropmann, Michael; Chen, Mudi; Sabo, Hannah; Laufer, Rene; Herdrich, Georg; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell W. (Journal of Plasma Physics, 2016-07)
      In this paper a method is described that allows mapping of the forces acting on dust particles in a GEC reference cell. Monodisperse particles are dropped into the plasma environment and their trajectories are tracked using ...
    • Analysis of Magnetic Field Plasma Interactions Using Micro Particles as Probes 

      Dropmann, Michael; Laufer, Rene; Herdrich, Georg; Matthews, L.S.; Hyde, T. W. (American Physics Society/ Physical Review E, 2015-08-26)
      The interaction between a magnetic field and plasma close to a nonconductive surface is of interest for both science and technology. In space, crustal magnetic fields on celestial bodies without atmosphere can interact ...