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dc.contributor.advisorKim, Sung-Kun, 1968-
dc.contributor.authorLahousse, Mieke.
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-24T14:27:15Z
dc.date.available2013-09-24T14:27:15Z
dc.date.copyright2013-08
dc.date.issued2013-09-24
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2104/8838
dc.description.abstractThe impressive capacity of bacteria to adapt to their environment has led to the development of mechanisms that can convey resistance to currently FDA approved antibiotics. In an attempt to find a solution to the possibility that soon there will be no antibiotic treatment available for bacterial infections, new approaches are being explored. One such approach relies on the effective detection and/or diagnosis of pathogens or unique bacterial proteins to aid in prevention or better treatment of infectious diseases. Within this work we describe the development of ssDNA aptamers by SELEX that can bind to their target with high affinity and can be used to develop colorimetric assays that can positively detect the presence of the target. Our targets for aptamer development were whole E. coli cells, which are currently used in water quality assessment, and a unique protein toxin (lethal factor) produced by B. anthracis, the etiological agent of anthrax. As a result of the SELEX experiments we recovered one aptamer that binds to LF protein with high affinity and we demonstrated that its use in the development of an aptamer-based colorimetric assay for LF was successful. We also demonstrate that the aptamer found for LF protein can act as an inhibitor of the catalytic activity of LF, suggests its potential use as a therapeutic agent. The SELEX experiment using whole E. coli cells generated a diverse number of aptamers with binding affinities in the low µM range. Additionally, studies of aptamer specificity showed that three aptamers had no binding affinity for other coliform strains, making them suitable aptamers for further characterization. This work also describes the characterization of a glutaredoxin protein expressed by Synechocystis sp. involved in arsenate reduction. Elucidation of the mechanism by which cyanobacteria can survive in highly arsenic contaminated environments could enlighten possible remediation approaches. In conclusion, we successfully developed ssDNA aptamers that can bind with high affinity and specificity to its targets with demonstrated potential as detecting agents and contributed to the enrichment of the knowledge available for glutaredoxin GrxA involved in arsenate oxidoreduction by Synechocystis sp.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisheren
dc.rightsBaylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact librarywebmaster@baylor.edu for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.subjectBacillus anthracis.en_US
dc.subjectEscherichia coli.en_US
dc.subjectAptamers.en_US
dc.titleDevelopment of an aptamer-based detection assay against Bacillus anthracis lethal factor and Escherichia coli.en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePh.D.en_US
dc.rights.accessrightsWorldwide access.en_US
dc.rights.accessrightsAccess changed 1/28/16.
dc.contributor.departmentBiomedical Studies.en_US
dc.contributor.schoolsBaylor University. Institute of Biomedical Studies.en_US


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