Proportioning Theistic Belief: Approaches to Faith, Reason, and Evidence
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Kappelmann, Kirsten Marie
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To what extent should belief that God exists be proportioned to the evidence for such a claim? Possible responses to this question range from positions in which theistic belief requires no evidence to be rational to positions in which it must meet the same evidential standards as a scientific theory. This thesis attempts to map the logical space of the proportionality question, offering an analysis of the main views one can take on the issue. After a discussion of the evidentialist objection to belief that God exists, recent treatments of fideism, evidentialism in several varieties, and pragmatism all receive consideration. I discuss the strengths and weaknesses of these different positions, drawing out their motivating philosophical assumptions and theological implications.