Two Americas: The Effects of Single Motherhood on the Racial Disparity in American Life Expectancy
Access rightsWorldwide access
MetadataShow full item record
Throughout American history, a significant gap in longevity has existed between the black and white populations of the United States, creating the potential for “two Americas” to arise. For decades, the average white individual has been projected to live significantly longer than the average black individual. In that time, single motherhood has increased nearly 8 times in its prevalence since the 1960s. This increase has had a particularly profound impact on the American black family—today nearly 3 of every 4 black babies are born to an unmarried mother. Over the past few decades, females headed a vast majority of black households, while females historically headed only a slim minority of white households. Because of this stark contrast in family structure between the black and white populations, this thesis proposes that single motherhood—through a variety of socioeconomic factors affecting a person’s life—is at least partially a contributor to the persistent racial gap in American life expectancy today. By decreasing the amount of non-marital births in America, more opportunities arise for children to climb in social status, potentially enabling them to close the racial gap in life expectancy that has plagued Americans for decades.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Hartmann, Peter; Douglass, Angela; Carmona-Reyes, Jorge; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell; Kovacs, Aniko; Donko, Zoltan (Physical Review Letters, 2010-09)We report a series of complex (dusty) plasma experiments, aimed at the study of the detailed time evolution of the recrystallization process following a rapid quench of a two-dimensional dust liquid. The experiments were ...
Effects of low- and high-intensity single-leg resistance exercise on the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK1/2 family signal transduction response in skeletal muscle of untrained males. Taylor, Lemuel W. (2007-02-14)Acute resistance exercise signals responses in the body to promote adaptations to the exercise stimulus. One key response during and following exercise is the role of signal transduction in the skeletal muscle (MAPK family) ...
Characterization of the single photon initiated dissociative rearrangement reaction (SPIDRR) technique and its application in the study of transition metal cation bound organic cluster reactions. Gutierrez, Michael G., 1992- (2018-07-09)The study of gas-phase ion-molecule reactions has been influential in the investigation of transition metal mediated bond activation and catalysis. This research has recently been advanced by a new method designated the ...