Thomas Fermi model for mesons and new noise subtraction techniques in lattice QCD.


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Lattice QCD calculations of quark loop operators are extremely time-consuming to evaluate. To calculate these diagrams we use stochastic noise methods, which employ a randomly generated set of noise vectors to project out physical signals. This is done with linear equation solvers like GMRES-DR (Generalized Minimum RESidual algorithm-Deated and Restarted) for the first noise, and GMRES-Proj (similar algorithm projected over eigenvectors) for remaining noises. In this context, we are attempting to employ matrix deflation algorithms to reduce statistical uncertainty in these time-consuming lattice calculations. In addition, we are developing noise suppression algorithms using polynomial subtraction techniques, as well as combining deflation and polynomial methods in an original way. The possibility of the existence of mesons with two or more quark-antiquark pairs is investigated with a new application of the Thomas-Fermi (TF) statistical quark model. Quark color couplings are treated in a mean field manner similar to a previous application to baryons, and short and concise expressions for energies are derived. We find that, on average, quarks only interact with antiquarks in such systems. The TF differential equation is constructed and systems with heavy-light quark content are examined. Three types of mesonic systems are defined. In the case of charm quarks, multi-charmonium, multi-Z meson and multi-D meson family types are examined. System analogs for bottom quarks are also constructed. Quantitative trends for system energies of mesonic quark matter are extracted as a function of the number of quark pairs. We find indications from energy plots that multi-Z type mesons (and their bottom quark analogs) are actually stable for a range of quark number pairs. At this initial stage we have not yet included explicit spin interaction couplings between quarks, but we can take one level of degeneracy into account in our two-inequivalent TF function construction.



Tetraquarks. Noise subtraction techniques. Octaquarks.