Neuroscience in the Courtroom: Exploring How Science Can Help Create a More Comprehensive Legal System




Ade, Laxmisanjana

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In the past few decades, neuroscience has emerged as one of the fastest-growing fields of study, providing increasingly precise insights into the workings of the brain. With improved imaging and analytical techniques, research has focused on how to best apply the information to different fields. Neurolaw, an interdisciplinary field, seeks to understand how neuroscience can inform legal decision-making, and how legal principles can shape the use and interpretation of neuroscientific evidence. Neuroscience can help inform the neural basis of culpability, criminal responsibility, and mental capacity through understanding the neural underpinnings of human behavior. As neuroscience and the law continue to intersect, the ethical, legal, and social implications come to light. The integration of neuroscience and the law has the potential to enhance the comprehensiveness of the American legal system through the law, legislation, and policy.