Intersected inequalities : how full funding for low-income students impacted class and gender disparities in undergraduate university programs.


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This thesis provides support on how measures to decrease income inequality can affect class and gender disparities in access and retention within higher education by studying effects of the Chilean 2015 National Education Reform. Beginning in 2016, the Chilean government granted full tuition subsidies for students in higher education who come from the 50% lowest income households in the country. Analyzing undergraduate degree programs and whether they were imparted before or after implementation of the reform, as well as if they were taught at universities participating in the benefit initiative or not, a positive effect was found on both the total percentage of students coming from public high schools and the ratio of females to males in incoming cohorts. University participation being mostly related to institutional accreditation, findings imply that access for underrepresented groups at higher quality universities and higher prestige academic fields has improved in the period after 2015.



Social inequality. Higher education. Gender and class.