The Cultural and Medical Conceptions of Deafness: Their Effects on the Self and Culturally Affirmative Mental Health Care




Marino, Ashley

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The cultural model of deafness is one that affirms the legitimacy of the Deaf community as a whole. The medical model of deafness is one that is predicated on disability and focuses on “deaf can’t” rather than “Deaf can”. I take the cultural and medical models of deafness and describe them in detail before relating them to various deaf self-identities. These deaf identities help therapists and researchers create culturally sensitive therapeutic techniques that affirm those identities. The current state of mental health care and accessibility for deaf individuals is discussed and contrasted to what the future of deaf mental health care may look like.



American sign language., Self-esteem., Self-identity., Sociology., Speech language pathology., Deaf culture., Deaf gain., Deaf identity development scale., Deafness., Deaf can., Resilience., Therapy., Audism., Identity., Interpreting., Psychology., Phonocentrism., Linguisticism., Ableism., Counseling., Cultural model of deafness., Culturally affirmative health care., Culturally affirmative mental health care., Culturally affirmative therapy., Culture., Biculturalism., Bilingualism., Medical model of deafness., Mental health care., Mental health., Oralism., Bi-bi., De'VIA., Culturally marginal., Immersion., Culturally hearing., Speech.