Mētis and Dolos in Homer and Hesiod

Date

2023-05-04

Authors

Jacks, David

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Abstract

Early Greek Hexameter Poetry is filled with instances of deception. In Hesiod’s Theogony, acts of deception help establish Zeus’ supreme cosmic rule, and, in Homer, the famous hero Odysseus is known for his trickery. Despite the importance of deception to Homer and Hesiod, scholars rarely address the concept and its implications on the ancient Greek view of gods and humans. In this thesis, I look to Homer and Hesiod to examine the portrayal of two concepts intimately related to deception: μῆτις (mētis) and δόλος (dolos). I divide my examination into three parts: 1) the differences between one who possesses μῆτις and one who is ἀγκυλομήτης; 2) the close connection of μῆτις and δόλος with the feminine; and 3) the character Dolon and the portrayal of μῆτις and δόλος in Iliad 10.

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Homer, Hesiod, Greek Epic, Deception

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