An Analysis of Impressionist Landscapes by Latin American Artists in a Transatlantic Context




Valencia, Camellia

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This thesis covers two artists from Latin America, Francisco Oller (1833-1917) and Eliseu Visconti (1866-1944), who worked in Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist styles during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The first chapter focuses on the Puerto Rican artist Francisco Oller, arguing he uses Impressionism to navigate his personal views of Puerto Rican identity during a time of a political change by analyzing his lighting techniques and his emphasis on indigenous Caribbean plants in his work. The second chapter focuses on the Brazilian artist Eliseu Visconti, claiming that the duality of his work replicates two different ideas surrounding Brazilian identity during the early twentieth century. In this chapter, I analyze the differences between his personal and governmental works. Both chapters look at artists who have previously been deemed imitators of European aesthetics and try to analyze their art within a transatlantic context instead. The goal of this thesis is to show how these artists are not creating paintings that are imitations of European art, but that their work has a deep relationship and connection to their political and cultural identities.



Impressionism., Latin America., Neo-Impressionism., Francisco Oller., Eliseu Visconti., Puerto Rico., Brazil.