The Role of the Mood-as-Input Model in Explaining Not Just Right Experiences

Date

2023

Authors

Wire, Nicole

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Worldwide access

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Abstract

Not just right experiences (NJREs) are situations that produce a subjective feeling that things are not how they should be, and they have significantly contributed to our understanding of the causes of repetitive behaviors seen in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). They are associated with significant distress and unease, especially in individuals with OCD, therefore, this study used the Mood-as-Input (MAI) model to determine if an elevated negative mood and ‘as many as can’ stop rule could increase the likelihood of experiencing NJREs and more distressing NJREs. Participants were Baylor University undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to be induced with a positive or negative mood and then performed a proofreading task according to a randomly assigned stop rule (i.e., as many as can or feels like continuing). Subsequently, participants reported whether they experienced a NJRE and rated its severity. No one combination of mood and stop rule increased the likelihood of experiencing NJREs (χ^2(3) = 1.88, p = 0.597) or associated distress (F(1, 95) = 0.70, p = 0.406). A potential explanation is that the mood induction procedure was not effective in eliciting the target moods, therefore, this study could not fully investigate the potential for mood and stop rules to contribute to NJREs. Future studies should investigate the applicability of the MAI model to NJREs with alternative mood induction procedures (e.g., watching affectively charged films) and consider the additional, important factors (e.g., perfectionism and control) in the development and intensification of NJREs.

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Keywords

Mood., Stop rules., Not just right experiences (NJREs)., Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

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