The compassionate college woman and the confident college man : examining gender and race at American colleges from 1890 to 1910.


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Students attending higher education institutions during Progressive Era America consistently admired confidence in men and compassion in women. With the immense social changes during this time period, a mix of gender ideals existed on college campuses, shifting from previously held values in the mid-nineteenth century to more recently adopted ones. The traits these college students praised throughout this era demonstrate the attitudes of young adults surrounding gender and race. While Black students often experienced and understood gender differently from white students, both jointly embraced certain ideals of successful manhood and womanhood. This thesis offers an examination of the college campus cultural moment from 1890 to 1910 by exploring student discourse around the intersectionality of race and gender.



History. Progressive era. Higher education. College. Cultural history. Gender. Race. HBCUs. Colleges. Ivy league. Men. Women. Education. American colleges. Student voices. Students. Intersectionality. Masculinity. Femininity. Black colleges. Cult of true womanhood. University.