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ItemAfter The Feminine Mystique : redefining women of color in higher education.(2014-11-13) Palacios, Elizabeth, D.Fifty years ago, Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique demystified the notion of the “Happy Housewife Heroin” and dismantled the American construct of the “fulfilled” White, middle-class, college-educated housewife and mother. American culture had built an expectation that everything a woman pursued should lead to finding the perfect husband to please. This included going to college in order to be able to converse intelligently with her future husband, which, by the way was an excellent place to find a prospective mate. Female college students in the 1960’s were largely comprised of middle- to upper-class, White women. Many of the colleges emphasized knowledge and skills that would enhance their marketability as prospective wives for intelligent and well-established men who would be able to provide comfortable lives for them. Women who attended college tended to pursue female-oriented occupations such as teaching, social work, nursing, etc. Yet, there remained colleges and universities who had not opened their doors to women and were unapologetically male centered. Males dominated college campuses and flourished in a structure designed for them. Today, women outnumber men on college campuses. Females have surpassed males in earning bachelors’ and graduate degrees (Ph.D. included). Nonetheless, women and minorities are still underrepresented in the STEM majors, and those females who do major in STEM areas are less likely to pursue jobs in those areas after college graduation. Women continue to earn less than their male counterparts at 82 cents for every dollar men earn. As female enrollment was gradually growing in American colleges, minorities were still banned from attending many of the mainstream institutions of higher education. It would be in the mid- to late-sixties that the Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) decision would be enforced in some of the more resistant states where legal obstacles had been put into place. Although desegregation was mandated and implemented, there still remained disparities in education among women and minorities. That holds true today. There has been a steady increase in minority enrollment, but adversity and challenges continue to threaten college success. Cultural expectations continue to define female roles where education is not a priority. Many young women still have to combat parental views that women should live at home until married, college might conflict with finding a viable husband and having children, or education is for the sons, not the daughters. After 50 years of celebrating the revolutionary work of Betty Friedan, there still remain barriers to remove, paradigms to change, and educational access to champion ItemAvailability of New Releases in Streaming Audio Databases(2018-03-27) Crenshaw, Clayton E.; Crouch Fine Arts Library, Baylor UniversityIn this study, three streaming audio databases used in music libraries were compared with an extensive list of new classical recordings that is published monthly. Each database was tracked for a separate period of three consecutive months to determine the extent to which new releases were available. A final check was done 30-60 days later for recordings on labels represented in the database, but not found during the monthly searches. The Naxos Music Library was found to have the largest number of labels with new releases, and a high percentage of the new recordings were available for use. Classical Music Library contained a good representation of labels, but very few of the new releases were available at the time the searches were conducted. Only a few of the labels on the list were found in DRAM, but a high percentage of the new recordings on those labels were available. ItemBefore The Feminine Mystique : the educational philosophies of early women's colleges.(2014-11-13) Turpin, Andrea Lindsay.Betty Friedan graduated Smith College in 1942. Fifteen years later she prepared a survey for her classmates on the event of their upcoming reunion. Her goal: to disprove the belief that a college education made women unhappy. An overwhelming number of respondents reported regretting not having planned to put their education to work beyond the home. Friedan concluded that dissatisfaction sprang not from education itself, but from the failure to use it in a vocation besides homemaking. It was this survey that inspired and informed her 1963 best-seller The Feminine Mystique. As graduates of a women’s college, Friedan and her classmates stood in a long line of women who chose to pursue higher education in that setting. Although state universities in the West opened to women as well as men shortly after the Civil War, long-standing Eastern colleges did not. In the East, therefore, the women’s college became the dominant model of higher education for women. The earliest prominent women’s college, Vassar, opened in 1865, followed a decade later by Wellesley and Friedan’s alma mater Smith. Radcliffe opened in 1879 and Bryn Mawr in 1884. Throughout their early years, these colleges earnestly sought to articulate a vision of how their graduates could best use their education to make a meaningful contribution to society. This paper analyzes how leaders of these early women’s colleges articulated different versions of this vision. It will focus on the first decades of women’s higher education, 1865-1920, to underscore the historical depth of the problem to which Friedan called attention: women and men received the same education, but women had fewer opportunities open to them after graduation. Christianity--of various types--still permeated American higher education during these years, and the paper argues that different theological assumptions underlay different responses to this problem. Some educators did not push graduates toward any particular life path because they believed God should be the one to direct each individual woman. Others believed a college education gave women a moral responsibility to pursue a profession. Still others specified women best served God beyond the home in fields such as social work where their unique strengths were of greatest use. Finally, some believed women best used their education as intelligent homemakers. A great variety of possibilities existed in the minds of the earliest generation, but theological shifts soon made specifying a particular use for women’s education the norm. This change helped women envision a clearer purpose for their education, but it simultaneously constrained their options further. ItemBeyond bibliographic instruction: Science research workshops(2016-09-15) Chan-Park, Christina Y.Over the past three academic years, I have offered a series of Science Research Workshops that have gone beyond basic bibliographic instruction and database searching. Although these workshops are available to any undergraduate, graduate student, or faculty, the primary attendees are undergraduate students who are working on honors theses. The workshops are interactive so groups of 3-6 are ideal, but up to 8-12 can be accommodated. Topics include the Scientific Research Process, Data Management, Reading a Scientific Article, Writing a Scientific Abstract, and Creating a Scientific Poster Presentation. For the last three workshops, students are asked to bring a scientific article, an experiment proposal, and a data example, respectively. During the workshop, I give a short introduction to the structure of an article, abstract, or poster and then spend the bulk of the time guiding students through the process of reading, writing, or creating. As I lead the students through the different steps, we stop to share their progress with each other. Students like the interactive format because they can ask questions freely and because they see others having to work through the progress. After the workshop, students not only feel more confident in their research skills but also gain a better understanding of their own research project. I will present outlines of materials at these workshops in addition to insights I have gained on the popularity of the different types of workshops. ItemComplex systems.(2014-11-13) Grabow, Paul C.The “extension” of the self is a dominant theme in McLuhan’s (1911-1980) Understanding Media, in which “all technologies are extensions of our physical being”. His discussion of “extension of consciousness” via “electric technology” was prophetic, whereby “the entire business of man becomes learning and knowing” and “all forms of wealth result from the movement of information”. The net result is a “total field of inclusive awareness” where we are both aware and affected by things outside of us -- as part of a large, complex, system. In Technology & Justice, Grant (1918-1988) wrote that “... modern technology is not simply an extension of human making ... but is a new account of what it is to know and to make in which both activities are changed ...”, where “... technology is the pervasive mode of being in our political and social lives”. In other words, technology has permeated the whole of society. This too can be regarded as a large, complex system. Both writers recognized that technology simplifies this complex system to conform to its assumptions and goals. Consequently, the system often behaves badly. “Even specialist learning in higher education proceeds by ignoring interrelationships; for such complex awareness slows down the achieving of expertness” (McLuhan). And “… technology … tends to pare down the actual novelness of our situation, so that we are not allowed to contemplate that situation for what it is” (Grant). In other words, the messy (often, human) elements are simplified to fit the assumptions and goals of organizational structure, terminology, or methods. Unfortunately, neither writer addresses how to deal with this oversimplification. Nassim Taleb (b 1960) suggests that a complex system should be seen for what it is (volatile and random) and not what we often imagine it to be (stable and deterministic). In particular, he advocates making decisions (and building systems) that are antifragile, i.e, capable of benefiting from random events, errors, and volatility. He also warns against cause-effect predictions with complex systems, recognizing that “… the notion of cause itself is suspect; it is either nearly impossible to detect or not really defined.” The presentation will sketch some concepts from Taleb for problems described by McLuhan and Grant. ItemCultivating ORCIDs on Your Campus: The Who, What, How, and Why of Implementing Open Researcher and Contributor iDs(2018-04-04) Chan-Park, Christina; Peterson-Lugo, Billie; Baylor University LibrariesORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor iD) is a versatile and global ID system that benefits researchers and administrators. Learn more about ORCID and brainstorm how to work with possible partners to implement a program at your institution. ItemData Management in a Nutshell(2016-09-13) Chan-Park, Christina Y.; Baylor University LibrariesFollowing up on my presentation last year on Science Research Workshops: Beyond Bibliographic Instruction, this year I will present material I cover in my Data Management workshop. Although originally designed for professors, I have revamped the workshop to meet the needs of undergraduate (and graduate) students working on theses and other long-term research projects. I generally get a mixture of science and social science students attending with a handful of humanities students. The main takeaway point for the workshop is that a little bit of planning will make the research process easier for you (and for those who come after you). The structure of the workshop is based on the Data Life Cycle: Creating Data, Processing Data, Analyzing Data, Preserving Data, Giving Access to Data, and Reusing Data which leads back to Creating Data. The life cycle is not purely cyclical as new data can be created after processing or analyzing data. The researcher is basically in charge of the first three steps, but what she decides to do during those steps can greatly help the archivist/librarian/lab manager who often is in charge of the last three steps. Specific data management tasks for both active and archived data that I remind students to consider include: decide what data needs to be managed/archived, convert/digitize data when necessary to archival formats, choose an appropriate file hierarchy, establish a file name convention, maintain multiple backups with appropriate security, and create README files. ItemThe differential effects of Protestant fundamentalism on female and male environmental cooperation.(2014-11-13) Martinez, Brandon C.A number of recent studies indicate that Protestant fundamentalism is associated with lower levels of generalized trust. In this paper, we ask: What are the implications of fundamentalists’ lower trust levels? We focus specifically on cooperative decisions that benefit the greater good. Past research finds that trust promotes cooperation, but more recent work suggests that trust matters more for women than men in making decisions about cooperation. We theorize that because fundamentalism undermines trust, and women’s but not men’s cooperation is predicated on trust, fundamentalism should negatively impact cooperation for women, but not men. That is, we suggest an interaction between gender and fundamentalism on cooperation. We test the arguments in the context of environmental social dilemmas including decisions about recycling, water and energy consumption, and political participation using data from the 2010 General Social Survey. Findings support our predictions and suggest that fundamentalism more acutely undermines cooperation for women versus men. ItemEverything You Should Know About Your Academic Identity(2016-09-13) Bentsen, Eileen M.; Chan-Park, Christina Y.; Filgo, Ellen Hampton; Baylor University LibrariesDuring this workshop, we will address different issues related to academic identity and publishing. Young scholars should be aware that often other academics’ first impressions are not based on a face-to-face meeting but on a “paper trail,” which these days can often be digital. Understanding how an academic identity is established early on in one’s career allows scholars to promote their scholarship in an easily discoverable body of work. For women, the issue of academic identity is complicated by several factors, not the least of which is the misunderstanding that it is shameless self-promotion. In this workshop, we’ll present the rationale and tools for developing and promoting an academic identity, encouraging women to take a more active part in their academic success. Choosing a consistent name for publishing is the first step in establishing an academic identity. However, choosing a consistent name is easier said than done as some publications only use an author’s initials rather than full name, co-authors may not realize what name you choose to use, or your name has changed. Establishing an ORCID, Google Scholar Profile, and other profiles and IDs is crucial to ensuring that all your work is properly credited to yourself and that others’ research is not inadvertently attributed to you. Search committees and especially promotion committees use various publication metrics as one evaluation criterion. In addition to number of publications and journal rankings, traditional metrics include number of citations (with and without self-citation), average citations, and h-index. Alternative metrics (also known as altmetrics) are also becoming more common and include views and downloads; discussions on blogs, Facebook, Twitter, and other social media; saves in bookmarks or Mendeley; and recommendations in databases and networking cites. Making sure that others can easily discover your publications is key to your works being read and cited. Traditional databases are still heavily used to find research articles, but new interfaces are emerging. What are these new interfaces? Are they accepted or promoted at your institution? How can you best take advantage of them to gain recognition in your field and earn tenure? What altmetric and academic social media sites are available to you and why is it also in your institution’s best interest to become aware of these resources? This workshop will be a combination of demonstration and Q&A. ItemThe Feminine Mystique and society : a look at new media representations.(2014-11-13) Moody-Ramirez, Mia.Betty Friedan, in her 1963 bestseller, The Feminine Mystique, examined the role of various institutions in keeping women in a subservient position. The text helped kick off 1960s feminism in the United States. Fifty years later as feminism enters into the fourth wave, the time is ripe to study the book’s lasting impact on society. This essay examines representations of the Feminine Mystique in popular culture. Specifically, it investigates pins posted to Pinterest in 2013. While The Feminine Mystique is unquestionably a noteworthy text that helped stimulate the feminist movement, very few communications research articles have addressed the book. A search on Communication & Mass Media Complete revealed only five scholarly articles on the topic. Of these articles, only one discusses the 50th anniversary of The Feminine Mystique, and none discuss new media portrayals of the book. Building on these gaps in the literature, this study addressed two questions: (1) what themes are present in Pinterest pins about The Feminist Mystique? (2) what content is linked to Pinterest pins containing Feminist Mystique in the title? The artifacts for this analysis were 100 Pinterest pins found by searching for the keywords “Betty Friedan and Feminine Mystique” in October of 2013. Pins are visual bookmarks stored on a user’s Pinterest account that link to outside content (see Diagram 1). Pinterest is one of the newer social networking sites that launched in beta mode in March 2010. The invite-only visual bookmarking site is exclusive, yet by June 2012, according to Google DoubleClick, Pinterest was up to 31 million unique visitors per month (Chang, 2012). Preliminary findings indicate Pinterest pins containing the term “Feminine Mystique”link to content such as YouTube videos, products and websites, For instance, one such pin spotlights New York Times columnist Gail Collins’ debate on the strengths and weaknesses of the ageless book (see Diagram 2). Pinterest pins also tout products ranging from art to high fashion to the book itself. For instance, an NPR blog entry highlighted in a pin focuses on an interview with Hanna Rosin, author of The End of Men (Neary, 2013). Rosin states that she was surprised by Friedan’s anger as she systematically laid out the case against a male-dominated society that was determined to keep women in their place. She adds that The Feminine Mystique is still relevant especially when it comes to society’s “understanding of women and domesticity.” Another pin links to a blog post titled, “4 Big Problems with 'The Feminine Mystique,” featured in The Atlantic (see Diagram 3). The author Ashley Fetters explores what she calls several “grains of salt” that deserve consideration in any discussion of the 50-year-old book's legacy (Fetters, 2013). The post asserts that The Feminist Mystique ignored the black and lower-income women of the 20th century. It also discusses the positive achievements that women have made in the last 50 years. This exploratory study reveals The Feminine Mystique remains an integral part of popular culture. Study findings illustrate the significant impact the text has had on society. The text continues to shape women’s lives in the 21st Century. Pins discuss and critique feminism, commemorate the five decades following the publishing of The Feminine Mystique and keep alive the valuable debate on important women’s issues. ItemIs Paul the eternal enemy of women?(2014-11-13) Still, Todd D.In his essay “Preface on the Prospects of Christianity,” Irish playwright, critic, and political activist George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) roundly criticizes the Apostle Paul. In addition to contending that Paul “does nothing that Jesus would have done and says nothing that Jesus would have said,” Shaw adjudges Paul as “the eternal enemy of Woman.” Shaw is not alone in his assessment. Any number of Bible readers would concur with him, including not a few feminist interpreters of Paul. The purpose of my presentation is to raise and to respond to the following question: What has given rise to this not uncommon perception? Arguably, the primary reason that some people perceive Paul to be chauvinistic, if not misogynistic, is due to certain passages found in Pauline Letters regarding women/wives and their interpretation and appropriation over the sweep of Christian history. In this short paper, I will identify and treat such troubling texts in Paul, not least 1 Timothy 2:8-15 and 1 Corinthians 14:33b-36. I will also note, however, a number of passages where Paul affirms women/wives in marriage and ministry. The upshot of this study will be the challenging of Shaw’s facile assumption that Paul is “the eternal enemy of Woman.” ItemIthaka S+R Religious Studies Project: Report of Interviews of Religion Faculty at Baylor University(2016-11-01) Bales, John; Robinson, John; Baylor University.This report summarizes Baylor University’s part in the Ithaka S+R Religious Studies Project. Ithaka S+R created the Religious Studies Project in order to examine the impact in Religious Studies of shifting research emphases within the academy and of methodological shifts as faculty adopt a more interdisciplinary approach to their work. The Project also seeks to shed light on how libraries might help meet the changing research needs of faculty. Baylor, along with 17 other institutions of higher learning, participated in this study by interviewing Religion faculty and examining the results. A research team from Baylor interviewed fifteen religion faculty selected from the Department of Religion in the Baylor College of Arts and Sciences, from the Honors College, and from George W. Truett Theological Seminary. The team used a semi‐structured approach that involved asking a set of twelve questions to Religion faculty and allowing them freedom to respond to the questions in ways they deemed important. The questions invited comments related to several broad themes. Themes of particular interest highlighted here include what theories and methods do the faculty use; what kinds of sources do they typically rely upon for their research; are they publishing in any non‐ traditional venues such as open access journals, blogs, or popular presses; how are they using the library and its services; and what are some of the challenges they are experiencing themselves personally or that they perceive to be challenges in their respective disciplines. ItemLiaison Framework for the Research and Engagement Librarians of Baylor UniversityTowers, Sha; Filgo, Ellen Hampton; Bentsen, Eileen M.; Chan-Park, Christina Y.; Crenshaw, Clayton E.; Johansen, Ben; Martinsen, Megan; Ramsey, Timothy; Schuetz, Carol; Hair, Bill; Wood, Sinai; ; ; Baylor UniversityThe framework identifies and defines the major categories of liaison work and describes core activities and best practices for each area. The framework serves as a roadmap for our liaisons, helping us focus and prioritize work that we do. Within each category, the core activities describe in more detail the content of that category. The best practices serve as concrete and specific examples of the types of work in which liaisons should be engaged. This is not an exhaustive list, but rather a starting point. Liaisons are encouraged to explore relevant new activities and initiatives to help engage and benefit both the library and our liaison units. While this framework was designed specifically for the librarians in the Research and Engagement department, we encourage other departments or libraries to adapt and adopt any parts of this framework that they find useful. Additionally, we have begun piloting the appointment of liaison affiliates (i.e., individuals from outside the department who function as liaisons), and this framework will be critical for defining and negotiating the activities of this type of liaison. It is important to note that the framework does not include aspects of the librarians' work that fall outside the scope of liaison activity. ItemPromoting music library resources -- with mixed results(2014-12-01) Crenshaw, Clayton E.; Baylor University.This article reports the results of efforts to promote music library resources. Selected new books and CD recordings were promoted using a service desk display. Circulation statistics for those items were compared with other new items that were not promoted. The display proved to be very effective. Two literature databases and two audio databases were also promoted using multiple methods. Usage statistics from the promotion period were then compared with those for the previous two academic years. A slight increase in use was observed for one database, while overall usage declined for the other three. ItemReframing Pinterest: Information Literacy for Interior Design StudentsFilgo, Ellen Hampton; Martinsen, Megan; Baylor University.; Georgetown UniversityThis paper discusses providing information literacy to interior design students, specifically how over a few years, and several assignment iterations, we moved from a more traditional one-shot library instruction session to a creative ACRL Framework-inspired assignment using Pinterest as the medium for the students' professionally relevant research project. The outcome of our instruction relied on flexible assignment planning, collaboration as faculty and librarians changed roles, and a focus on information literacy skills needed by professional designers. ItemResearch Paper Planner: Students Love It, but Do We Know Why?(2013-10-22) Chan-Park, Christina Y.; Bentsen, Eileen M.; Baylor University.Students get excited about the research paper planner because it generates a personalized schedule of research and writing steps for papers. They also find the links to advice and tips for these steps and the email alerts helpful. We attempt to quantify this enthusiasm and use of the research paper planner through web page analytics and a user survey. These data will help us develop targeted marketing programs and other similar tools. ItemRetribalization in the digital age : integration in the "global village."(2014-11-13) Lopez, Elena Marie.Marshall McLuhan stated one consequence of the printing press was increased nationalism. In Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, McLuhan asserted the electronic age has conversely retribalized man. Through retribalization our once divisive world has become a “global village.” In our current Digital Age electronic media abounds. To McLuhan, electronic media foster a sense of integration. Yet to what extent has our contemporary, media-saturated society become truly integrated? The exponential growth of communication technologies has indeed fostered a sense of a global community as individuals from across the world connect and interact. Cultures once deemed foreign and exotic are now easily accessible through various media. Mass media, in particular, contribute to our understanding of “otherness.” Media therefore can be enlightening in increasing our awareness of diverse peoples and perspectives. In recent years more diverse peoples have been featured in the mass media. However, despite these gains recent studies indicate a lack of representation of women and minorities in the media. Additionally, the media’s portrayal of “others” can also lead to misguided perceptions and prejudice. A Coca-Cola® television advertisement entitled “It’s Beautiful” that ran during the 2014 Super Bowl perhaps best exemplifies the paradoxical relationship between media and integration. In the advertisement, diverse peoples sang “America the Beautiful” both in English and other languages. While some viewers lauded the multicultural efforts of Coca-Cola®, the ad sparked controversy as others were outraged and viewed the ad disdainfully. This presentation will seek to explore the role of electronic media in integration. Do electronic media present only a façade of integration or are electronic media consequential for assimilation into a global community? Marshall McLuhan’s own view of integration in the global village will be considered. ItemSmart Shifting for Less MaintenanceCrenshaw, Clayton E.; Crouch Fine Arts Library, Baylor UniversityPlanning for growth is an important part of managing print collections, and reallocating space by shifting materials is a necessary, but laborious, task. The literature suggests that growth space is determined at the level of LC class in most academic library shifting projects. Within a music library collection, however, growth rates can vary widely within a single subclass (M, ML or MT). This poster explains how to plan a collection shift in a more granular way, segmenting it by call number ranges and tying growth space to recent acquisition patterns. By doing so, libraries can make best use of the available space and the need for future shifting can be minimized. The spreadsheet excerpted in the poster is used for the final calculations. ItemSocial media's workplace impact.(2014-11-13) Koch, Hope W.In Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, McLuhan probes how new media changes society. Social media such as Facebook and Twitter impact both our social lives and our work lives. This panel presentation will discuss social media’s impact in the workplace by sharing insights from a multi-year case study conducted at USAA. USAA implemented an internal social networking site, which it calls its internal Facebook, to help new employees connect with the organization. The social networking site allows new hires to blend their personal and work lives. New hires can use the social networking site to engage in activities during the work day. Activities include playing, (e.g., scheduling table tennis matches), socializing, learning new things, and supporting one another (e.g., encouraging, consoling and cheering). Boundary theory suggests that this blending of one’s work and social life can create role conflict (Sundaramurthy & Kreiner, 2008). For example, a mother responding to work texts while she is coaching her child’s soccer practice. Contrary to boundary theory, this research shows that blending work life and social life can have positive impacts. Most of this study’s new hires were engaged in tedious, technical jobs developing computer applications. The social networking system offered respite. Using the broaden and build theory of positive emotions (Fredrickson, 2004) as a framework, this research shows that workplace social media use can create positive emotions which then generate personal resources. Resources are physical, social, intellectual and psychological. Furthermore, this research illustrates McLuhan’s proposition that the same media may transform different societies in different ways. In this study, the social networking system affected middle managers and executives in different ways. While the social media site left the new hires feeling good, middle managers felt isolated and marginalized, since the social networking system afforded new hires opportunities unavailable to middle managers. Executive were circumspect. They recognized the system’s socialization benefit and positive impact on turnover, but they wanted the new hires to use the social media system for more work-related activities. These findings offer practical implications for organizations wanting to implement social media in the workplace and theoretical implications. Most psychological and information systems research focuses on negative emotions and our work bring insight into playfulness in the workplace.